Boca de Yumurí is located in the Mata-Guandao People’s Council, coastal territory of Baracoa municipality, bordered on the north by the Atlantic Ocean, on the east by the easternmost municipalities Maisí, on the west by the town of Bariguita, and on the south With the Mandinga People’s Council.
This locality owes its name to a fact that occurred in the time of the Aborigines, specifically the Taino Indians who were the first inhabitants of the Island. The Spaniards, upon hearing of the riches that the island possessed, decided to colonize it, possession provoked a Rebellion on the part of the native ones, in turn brought with them the mistreatment towards these, who were punished, scourged and taken like slaves.
The extinction was inevitable between both mistreatment of suicidal consequences. They threw themselves out of great hills, and as they jumped they uttered a cry that seemed simple, signified their firmness and at the same time their renunciation to be exploited and enslaved, said shout: I have died, a name that currently identifies the Community and its inhabitants.
Physical – Geographic Features
The climatic characteristics of the demarcation are similar to that of the whole municipality. The temperature oscillates between the 28 and 34 degrees most of the year, the relative humidity behaves between 70 and 80 percent, the wind oscillates between the 15 and 30 kilometers per hour although it is quite varied for being a coastal locality.
The soils are considered non-acidic, suitable for the sowing of almost all types of crops, it is good to comment that the mountainous predominance is predominant in much of its extension and to emphasize the rock of the dog teeth in almost all the locality.
The climate is characterized by a micro climate marked by rainfall and temperature, a period of drought that corresponds to the summer in the months of June to August and a wetter that corresponds to the winter in the months of December to February, March To May spring.
This locality counts on one of the majors rivers of the country rich Yumurí by its great extension which is of 52 km crossing part of the municipality Imías and serves as limit between the municipality Baracoa and Maisí.
A key point in this town which has one of the reserves of this municipality is the Yumurí Canyon which has more than 60 species of birds, four of the five subspecies of a Polymita picta and nine species of amphibians.
It has a varied vegetation, led by a hundred types of ferns, and is also enriched by various trees such as ocuje, guáramo, najesí, cagüairán, ayúa, júcaro, jagüey, cupey, coconut palm and the Roystonea palm, which is typical of Area and object of monitoring for further development.